## Numeracy K-6 (in Geography)

Students develop numeracy capabilities as they investigate concepts fundamental to Geography, including the effects of location and distance, spacial distributions and the organisation and management of space within places. They apply numeracy skills in geographical analysis by counting and measuring, constructing and interpreting tables and graphs, calculating and interpretting statistics and using statistical analysis to test relationships between variables. In constructing and interpreting maps, students work with numerical concepts of scale, distance and area.

EARLY STAGE 1

GEe-1, GEe-2People Live in Places:
Students identify places and develop an understanding of the importance of places to people

They communicate geographical information and use geographical tools.

Investigates how the location of places can be represented e.g. location of familiar and local places on maps

Observing and recording data

STAGE 1

GE1-1, GE1-2, GE1-3Features of Places:
GE1-1, GE1-3People and Places:
Students describe features of places and the connections people have with places and identify ways in which people interact with and care for places.

They communicate geographical information and use geographical tools for inquiry.

Represent data by constructing tables, graphs or maps e.g. weather data, column graphs, data tables, pictographs, tally charts

Description and comparison of daily and seasonal weather patterns of places

Discussion of why people visit other places and identification of factors influencing people’s accessibility to places e.g. distance Observing, collecting and recording data, conducting surveys

STAGE 2

GE2-1, GE2-2, GE2-3, GE2-4Places are Similar and Different:
GE2-1, GE2-2, GE2-3, GE2-4The Earth’s Environment:
Students examine features and characteristics of places and environments and describe the ways people, places and environments interact. They examine differing perceptions about the management of places and environments.

They acquire and communicate geographical information using geographical tools for inquiry.

Represent data by constructing tables, graphs or maps and interpret data to identify distributions and patterns and draw conclusions

Spatial distribution, settlement patterns, demographic characteristics of places

Observing, measuring, collecting and recording data, conducting surveys

Using fieldwork instruments such as measuring devices and maps

STAGE 3

GE3-1, GE3-2, GE3-3, GE3-4Factors that Shape Places:
GE3-1, GE3-2, GE3-4A Diverse and Connected World:
Students describe the diverse features and characteristics of places and environments and explain interactions and connections between people, places and environments. They compare and contrast influences on the management of places and environments.

They acquire, process and communicate geographical information using geographical tools for inquiry.

Global patterns of spatial distribution

Represent data in different forms e.g. graphs, tables, plans, diagrams

Observing, measuring, collecting and recording data, conducting surveys and interviews

Using fieldwork instruments such as measuring devices, maps, compasses, GPS

Identification of the location and extent of a disaster

EARLY STAGE 1

MAe-16MG Position:
Position, between, next to, behind, inside, outside, left, right, directions.

MAe-17SP Data:
Information, collect, group, display, objects.

STAGE 1

MA1-13MG Time 1:
Calendar, days, date, month, year, seasons, time.

MA1-16MG Position 1:
Position, left, right, directions, turn.

MA1-16MG Position 2:
Location, map, path.

MA1-17SP Data 1:
Information, data, collect, gather, display, objects, symbol, tally mark, picture, row.

MA1-17SP Data 2:
Category, picture graph, list, table, equal spacing, key, baseline.

STAGE 2

MA2-17MG Position 1:
Position, location, map, plan, path, route, grid, grid reference*, aerial view, directions.

MA2-17MG Position 2:
Legend, key, scale, compass, compass rose, north, south, east, west, north-east, south-east, south-west, north-west.

MA2-18SP Data 1:
Information, data, collect, category, display, symbol, list, table, column graph, picture graph, vertical columns, horizontal bars, equal spacing, title, key, vertical axis, horizontal axis, axes, spreadsheet.

MA2-18SP Data 2:
Survey, recording sheet, rating scale, scale, misleading.

STAGE 3

MA3-17MG Position:
Position, location, map, plan, route, grid, grid reference*, legend, key, scale, directions, compass, north, east, south, west, northeast, south-east, south-west, north-west.

MA3-18SP Data 1:
Data, survey, category, display, tabulate, table, column graph, vertical columns, horizontal bars, equal spacing, title, scale, vertical axis, horizontal axis, axes, line graph, dot plots, spreadsheet.

MA3-18SP Data 2:
Collect, two-way table, side-by-side column graph, misleading, bias.

* NOTE:

BOLTSS – Border, Orientation, Legend, Title, Scale, Source

Map reference and grid reference – a grid reference in mathematics terminology describes position on a grid with the horizontal component labelled alphabetically and the vertical component labelled numerically, with the horizontal component named first, e.g. ‘The lion cage is at B3’. This type of grid reference is used in Stages 2 and 3 Mathematics (Mathematics K-6 Syllabus, Stage 2 Position 1). In geographical terminology this type of reference is called a map reference and is a tool used in Stages 2 and 3 Geography. The distinction is important, as in geographical terminology, a grid reference is defined as ‘A six-digit reference, using easting and northing grid lines, to locate the exact location of a place or feature on a topographic map.’ (Glossary, Geography K-10 Syllabus). The use of six-digit grid references is introduced in Stage 4 geography.

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