### FOCUS AREA 4: Measurement and time calculations A student applies measurement strategies and understands time

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ASPECTS OF NUMERACY FOCUS AREA 4

early in STAGE 5
A student:

end of STAGE 5
A student:

UNDERSTANDING AND APPLYING LENGTH CONCEPTS
• Analyses complex problems involving mathematical applications of length and perimeter in familiar contexts

• Analyses complex problems involving mathematical applications of perimeter in unfamiliar contexts

UNDERSTANDING AND APPLYING AREA CONCEPTS
• Solves problems involving areas of composite shapes by dissection into triangles, quadrilaterals, quadrants, semi-circles and sectors
• Solves problems involving the surface area of rectangular and triangular prisms

• Solves problems involving surface area of right prisms, right cones, spheres, cylinders and related composite solids

UNDERSTANDING MASS, VOLUME AND CAPACITY
• Solves problems involving volume and capacity of prisms, cylinders and related composite solids

• Solves problems involving volume of right pyramids, right cones, spheres and related composite solids

KLA APPLICATION AND CONSIDERATIONS

LANGUAGES

• Applies knowledge of scale, distances and time zones to plan and budget an overseas travel itinerary (note: also relates to Focus Area 1)

ENGLISH

• Identifies and experiments with the construction of narrative time using flashbacks

GEOGRAPHY

• Explains geographical processes over time and across scales

HISTORY

• Sequences and annotates the time span of the following: the Enlightenment, the American War of Independence, the French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution

PDHPE

• Uses distance over time and speed calculations for biomechanical concept

SCIENCE

• Uses appropriate units for measuring physical quantities

ENGLISH

• Analyses the ordering of time in film through the editing process
• Experiments with the representation of time in digital narratives

HISTORY

• Labels and sequences the places where Australia fought in both world wars Locates and comprehends maps and globes that illustrate movements of peoples, using complex and varied historical keys
• Sequences and annotates time spans, including points of continuity and change (eg emergence of new ideas and movements)
• Analyses ‘centuries’ and ‘decades’ for their key historical features

SCIENCE

• Uses appropriate units for physical quantities and symbols to express relationships