### FOCUS AREA 4: Measurement and time calculations A student applies measurement strategies and understands time

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ASPECTS OF NUMERACY FOCUS AREA 4

early in STAGE 4
A student:

end of STAGE 4
A student:

UNDERSTANDING AND APPLYING LENGTH CONCEPTS
• Calculates perimeters and area of circles
• Finds arc lengths and perimeters of quadrants, semi-circles and sectors
• Solves problems involving perimeter and circumference

• Interprets and comprehends complex problems involving composite perimeters

UNDERSTANDING AND APPLYING AREA CONCEPTS
• Converts between metric units of area
• Establishes and uses formulas to find the areas of triangles, special quadrilaterals and circles
• Solves problems involving area and area grid reference

• Interprets and comprehends complex problems involving composite areas

UNDERSTANDING MASS, VOLUME AND CAPACITY
• Converts between metric units of volume and capacity

• Establishes and uses formulas to find volumes of right prisms and cylinders
• Solves problems involving volume and capacity

UNDERSTANDING TIME AND TIME ZONES
• Solves problems involving international time zones

KLA APPLICATION AND CONSIDERATIONS

CREATIVE ARTS

• Makes art works in at least two of the broad areas 2D, 3D or 4D forms
• Understands 3D forms in a 2D medium

ENGLISH

• Uses tense and other grammatical structures to represent time

GEOGRAPHY

• Uses area grid reference
• Describes features and characteristics of places across a range of scales

HISTORY

LANGUAGES

• Understands and interprets 24 hour time in another language
• Understands the concepts of hemispheres and time differences/zones

TAS

• Measures both liquid and dry ingredients
• Learns the function, selection and correct use of a range of contemporary tools for cutting, marking out and measuring
• Measures lengths using rulers, tape measures and other devices

LANGUAGES

• Applies knowledge of international time zones to solve problems in English or the target language
• Understands and interprets information in timetables in the target language
• Creates a school timetable in the target language

CREATIVE ARTS

• Uses knowledge and skills of measurement in creating and designing artworks 4D time-based installation works, performance works, digital animation, photography and film making

ENGLISH

• Identifies and describes the imagery of time and its meanings in a range of texts

HISTORY

• Looks at years and dates chronologically
• Constructs timelines at a variety of scales to represent historical events
• Uses duration of time, length of sounds, beat, rhythm, metre, tempo, pitch and pulse rates when composing and performing

PDHPE

• Explores the concept of ‘best time’, including improving times

SCIENCE

• Identifies the appropriate units to be used in collecting data

TAS

• Finds volume and area in the context of project work