### FOCUS AREA 4: Measurement and time calculations A student applies measurement strategies and understands time

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ASPECTS OF NUMERACY FOCUS AREA 4

early in STAGE 3
A student:

end of STAGE 3
A student:

UNDERSTANDING AND APPLYING LENGTH CONCEPTS
• Uses the kilometre to measure lengths and distances
• Records lengths and distances using the abbreviations km, m, cm and mm
• Finds perimeters of common 2D shapes

• Records lengths and distances to three decimal places
• Converts between kilometres, metres, centimetres and millimetres
• Solves problems involving length and perimeter of squares, rectangles and triangles

UNDERSTANDING AND APPLYING AREA CONCEPTS
• Uses square kilometres and hectares to measure area
• Records areas using the abbreviations km2 and ha

• Solves problems involving areas of squares, rectangles and triangles

UNDERSTANDING MASS, VOLUME AND CAPACITY
• Selects and uses cubic centimetres and cubic metres to measure and estimate volumes, and record using the abbreviations cm3 and m3
• Uses tonnes to measure mass and record masses using the abbreviations t, kg and g
• Distinguishes between ‘gross mass’ and ‘net mass’
• Solves problems involving mass

• Connects volume and capacity
• Finds volumes of rectangular prisms using units to three decimal places
• Converts between millilitres and litres
• Records mass to three decimal places
• Converts between tonnes, kilograms and grams

UNDERSTANDING TIME AND TIME ZONES
• Understands and uses 12 hour and 24 hour time to solve problems

• Interprets and uses timetables

KLA APPLICATION AND CONSIDERATIONS

LANGUAGES

• Understands and uses 12 and 24 hour time and/or am and pm in the target language

CREATIVE ARTS

• Explores and recognises the use and importance of time within music compositions

PDHPE

• Uses measurement tools to find distances such as throwing of a discus or javelin

GEOGRAPHY

• Conducts fieldwork including observing, measuring, collecting and recording data, using fieldwork instruments including compasses and geographical positional systems

HISTORY

• Uses the term ‘centuries’ and ‘decades’ to describe time

LANGUAGES

PDHPE

• Times a run, dance or physical activity situation

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

• Explores how long it takes planets to orbit the sun
• Makes predictions over time e.g. growth of plants
• Explores the mass of air and the space it takes up
• Explores the effect of temperature on the states of matter of water