FOCUS AREA 3 : Spatial visualisation, geometric reasoning and mapping
A student understands and applies concepts of 2D shapes and 3D objects, angles and position

early in STAGE 1

  • Distinguishes between flat and curved surfaces
  • Uses the term ‘faces’ to describe flat surfaces with straight edges Identifies cones, cubes, cylinders, spheres and prisms presented in different orientations
  • Recognises that 3D objects look different from different vantage points

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  • Identifies horizontal, vertical and parallel lines
  • Identifies and names triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons and octagons presented in different orientations, in pictures and in the environment
  • Uses the terms ‘side’ and ‘vertex’ to describe and compare 2D shapes

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  • Gives and follows directions to move to familiar locations and to position objects
  • Uses the terms ‘left’ and ‘right’ to describe position in relation to self and from the perspective of a person facing in the opposite direction

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  • Explores patterns and tessellations


  • Differentiates maps and their purposes


  • Describes effects of movements on objects e.g. direction of how a ball rolls

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