FOCUS AREA 3 : Spatial visualisation, geometric reasoning and mapping
A student understands and applies concepts of 2D shapes and 3D objects, angles and position

ASPECTS OF NUMERACY FOCUS AREA 3

early in STAGE 2
A student:

end of STAGE 2
A student:

APPLYING CONCEPTS OF 3D OBJECTS
  • Identifies, describes and compares features of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones and spheres
  • Makes models of 3D objects
  • Creates nets from everyday packaging

 

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  • Represents 3D objects in drawings showing depth
  • Sketches 3D objects from different views
  • Interprets and makes drawings of objects on isometric grid paper


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APPLYING CONCEPTS OF 2D SHAPES
  • Identifies and names the special quadrilaterals presented in different orientations
  • Identifies and describes shapes as regular and irregular
  • Describes and compares features of shapes, including the special quadrilaterals
  • Identifies and draws lines of symmetry on shapes

 

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  • Combines common shapes to form other shapes and records the arrangement
  • Splits common shapes into other shapes and records the results
  • Uses transformations to create and describe symmetrical designs
  • Creates tessellating designs


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APPLYING CONCEPTS OF ANGLES AND GEOMETRY
  • Identifies and describes angles as measures of turn
  • Compares angle sizes in everyday situations
  • Identifies perpendicular lines and right angles


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  • Draws and classifies angles as acute, obtuse, straight, reflex or a revolution


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UNDERSTAND POSITION, MAPS AND GRID REFERENCES
  • Uses grid-referenced maps to locate and describe positions and pathways
  • Draws simple maps, with and without a grid

 

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  • Determines directions N, E, S, W and NE, SE, SW, NW, given one of the directions
  • Interprets legends and directions on maps
  • Uses the scale to calculate the distance between two points on maps


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KLA APPLICATION AND CONSIDERATIONS

CREATIVE ARTS

  • Explores more complex patterns and tessellations

PDHPE

  • Creates and observes balances in gymnastics to identify regular and irregular slopes, symmetry and angles of body parts in relation to others

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

  • Describes changes that have occurred over time in the natural environment
  • Observes how time can be measured through investigation of the movement of the sun and shadows


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LANGUAGES

  • Draws and labels a simple town plan in the target language, with or without grid paper
  • Uses grid references to locate landmarks on a town plan or map
  • Uses isometric grid paper to copy a map of the target country
  • Uses the scale to calculate distances between two points on a map of the target country

GEOGRAPHY

  • Uses spatial technologies to represent geographical findings
  • Uses maps featuring cartographic conventions of scale, legend, title and orientation
  • Compares characteristics of places from the local to the national scale
  • Interprets maps, including satellite images, location, direction, distance, spatial distribution and patterns
  • Reads maps to interpret location, distance and direction

HISTORY

  • Uses simple world maps and globes to follow explorers’ voyagers of discovery
  • Creates a timeline indicating the longevity of the First Australians’ occupation of Australia
  • Outlines the voyages of sea explorers
  • Uses cardinal compass points
  • Discusses the use of latitudinal zones by explorers (e.g. the Roaring Forties)

 

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