### FOCUS AREA 3 : Spatial visualisation, geometric reasoning and mapping A student understands and applies concepts of 2D shapes and 3D objects, angles and position

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ASPECTS OF NUMERACY FOCUS AREA 3

early in STAGE 1
A student:

end of STAGE 1
A student:

APPLYING CONCEPTS OF 3D OBJECTS
• Distinguishes between flat and curved surfaces
• Uses the term ‘faces’ to describe flat surfaces with straight edges Identifies cones, cubes, cylinders, spheres and prisms presented in different orientations
• Recognises that 3D objects look different from different vantage points

• Uses the terms ‘flat surface’, ‘curved surface’, ‘face’, ‘edge’ and ‘vertex’ appropriately to describe 3D objects
• Recognises faces of 3D objects as 2D shapes
• Distinguishes between and represents 3D objects and 2D shapes in models and drawings

APPLYING CONCEPTS OF 2D SHAPES
• Identifies horizontal, vertical and parallel lines
• Identifies and names triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons and octagons presented in different orientations, in pictures and in the environment
• Uses the terms ‘side’ and ‘vertex’ to describe and compare 2D shapes

• Makes and draws 2D shapes in different orientations
• Identifies, performs and records the result of one step ‘slides’ and ‘flips’
• Creates symmetrical designs with a variety of materials
• Identifies, performs, describes and records the result of full, half and quarter ‘turns’

UNDERSTAND POSITION, MAPS AND GRID REFERENCES
• Gives and follows directions to move to familiar locations and to position objects
• Uses the terms ‘left’ and ‘right’ to describe position in relation to self and from the perspective of a person facing in the opposite direction

• Interprets simple maps of familiar locations
• Represents the position of objects in models, photographs and drawings

KLA APPLICATION AND CONSIDERATIONS

CREATIVE ARTS

• Explores patterns and tessellations

GEOGRAPHY

• Differentiates maps and their purposes

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

• Describes effects of movements on objects e.g. direction of how a ball rolls

LANGUAGES

• Gives and follows simple directions in the target language, e.g. left, right, straight ahead
• Interprets and labels a town plan in the target language

GEOGRAPHY

• Uses and constructs a labelled map
• Describes the scale (size) of places and compares personal, local, regional and national scales

PDHPE

• Identifies safe road crossing procedures through identifying objects and positions in photos or maps