### FOCUS AREA 1: Mental computation and numerical reasoningA student identifies mathematical information, understands numbers, calculates, estimates and solves problems

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ASPECTS OF NUMERACY FOCUS AREA 1

prior to school
A student:

EARLY STAGE 1
A student:

UNDERSTANDING MATHEMATICAL INFORMATION IN TEXTS AND TASKS
• Demonstrates an understanding that a number is present

• Recognises numbers in simple texts and simple oral materials

APPLYING WHOLE NUMBER CONCEPTS
• Demonstrates an increasing understanding of number and the names of numbers

• Understands numbers up to 20
• Reads and uses the ordinal names to at least ‘tenth’, e.g. first, second, third...
• Counts forwards to 30 from a given number and backwards from a given number in the range 0 to 20
• Compares, orders, reads and represents numbers to at least 20

ESTIMATING AND PROBLEM SOLVING
APPLYING ADDITION, SUBTRACTION, MULTIPLICATION AND DIVISION
• Uses language to communicate thinking about quantities to describe attributes of objects and collections and to explain mathematical ideas

• Combines two or more groups of objects to model addition
• Takes part of a group away to model subtraction
• Compares two groups to determine ‘how many more’
• Records addition and subtraction informally and solves everyday addition and subtraction problems
• Models equal groups, records grouping and sharing using informal methods

UNDERSTANDING FRACTIONS, DECIMALS, PERCENTAGES, RATES, RATIOS
• Develops an understanding of placing objects in groups

• Establishes the concept of one-half
• Records halves of objects using drawings

UNDERSTANDING MONEY AND FINANCE
KLA APPLICATION AND CONSIDERATIONS

LANGUAGES

• Recognises numbers 1-10 in the target language

HISTORY

• Counts the number of people in a group

MUSIC

• Sings songs using number/money recognition eg. This Old Man
• Counts the number of beats in a musical composition
• Maintains a steady pulse whilst counting forwards and backwards

DANCE

• Counts number of beats in a sequence
• Explores repetition and retrograde movement (doing it backwards)

VISUAL ARTS

• Illustrates groups of objects
• Draws halves of objects
• Uses a range of media to depict numbers

DRAMA

• Uses body shapes/statues to represent numbers
• role plays shopping using language of money