**ASPECTS OF NUMERACY FOCUS AREA 1**

**APPLYING ADDITION, SUBTRACTION, MULTIPLICATION AND DIVISION**

early in STAGE 2

- Uses a range of mental strategies for addition and subtraction of two-, three- and four-digit numbers
- Uses the = symbol to record equivalent number sentences
- Recalls multiplication facts for twos, threes, fives and tens
- Links multiplication and division using arrays
- Multiplies one-digit numbers by multiples of 10

end of STAGE 2

- Uses a range of thinking strategies and algorithms for addition or subtraction of two-, three-, four- and five- digit numbers
- Recalls multiplication facts up to 10 × 10 fluently and relates multiplication facts to inverse division facts
- Determines multiples and factors of whole numbers Uses the = symbol to record equivalent number relationships involving multiplication
- Uses strategies to multiply and divide a two-digit number by a one-digit number, including those that result in a remainder