**ASPECTS OF NUMERACY FOCUS AREA 1**

**APPLYING ADDITION, SUBTRACTION, MULTIPLICATION AND DIVISION**

early in STAGE 1

- Models addition and subtraction
- Recalls combinations of numbers that add to numbers up to 20 as well as equivalent number sentences
- Uses strategies for addition and subtraction of one- and two-digit numbers
- Uses rhythmic and skip counts by twos, fives and tens from zero
- Models and uses equal ‘groups of’ objects as a strategy for multiplication
- Models division by sharing a collection equally into a given number of groups

end of STAGE 1

- Makes connections between addition and subtraction, uses strategies for addition and subtraction of two-digit numbers
- Solves word problems involving addition and subtraction
- Models and uses repeated addition as a strategy for multiplication
- Models and uses arrays described in terms of ‘rows’ and ‘columns’ as a strategy for multiplication
- Models and uses groups, arrays and repeated subtraction as strategies for division